[rabbitmq-discuss] Extremely uneven distribution of latencies under high load

Eugene Kirpichov ekirpichov at gmail.com
Mon Aug 1 12:26:59 BST 2011


I've got a large cluster (several hundred machines) "load-testing" a
smaller rabbitmq cluster (4 machines - 1 on one rack, 3 on another, 8
queues) in a ~balanced and partitioned fashion (probably I don't even
need an actual rmq cluster).

I'm publishing about 6000 messages/s, each about 10kb in size, in
roundrobin to these 4 nodes.
Messages are persistent and durable; I have publisher confirms turned
on. Autoack is turned off; I have a cycle of "get, process, publish
result, ack". Each message takes ~800ms to process.

I'm experiencing things like "rabbitmq not giving a message to a
consumer for several minutes", i.e. a large portion of my cluster is
idle waiting for messages.
RabbitMQ is also rather frequently dropping connections but I'm reconnecting.

The distribution of message waiting times is like "75% < 50ms, 90% <
1s, 99% < 60s, 100% < 180s".
Some consumers are served very well (a constant stream of messages),
some wait for minutes. Some have periods of both kinds.
The ones that are served really well don't experience reconnects,
though the poor ones also have only a few reconnects per minute at

I also graphed the publish confirmations from RabbitMQ (actually the
number of unack'd messages remaining) and I'm seeing that most of the
brokers keep this number under a couple of thousand for all queues,
however one other broker (the one on a solitary rack) has it grow
seemingly without bound - to ~25k and more, again on all queues.

1) Is this expected behavior?
2) How can this behavior be explained? Are there any
performance-related quirks in clustered RabbitMQ?
3) Is it likely that I'll be able to get rid of this behavior and make
it at least more predictable by e.g. reconnecting if I don't receive a
message for, say, 15s?

Eugene Kirpichov
Principal Engineer, Mirantis Inc. http://www.mirantis.com/
Editor, http://fprog.ru/

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