[rabbitmq-discuss] Tornado Consumer example problem

Priyanki Vashi vashi.priyanki at gmail.com
Thu Aug 15 14:51:50 BST 2013

Hi ,

on_connection_open, is a callback method, which will be called when
connection is opened with rabbitmq. It opens channel inturn. So it's little
unlikely that it has 'None' value but I am not 100% sure.

Here is my code. Could you quickly have a look.
It's the same example from pika site for tornado consumer except that I
have tried to use connection parameters instead of URL.

from pika import adapters
import pika
import logging

LOG_FORMAT = ('%(levelname) -10s %(asctime)s %(name) -30s %(funcName) '
              '-35s %(lineno) -5d: %(message)s')
LOGGER = logging.getLogger(__name__)

class ExampleConsumer(object):
    """This is an example consumer that will handle unexpected interactions
    with RabbitMQ such as channel and connection closures.

    If RabbitMQ closes the connection, it will reopen it. You should
    look at the output, as there are limited reasons why the connection may
    be closed, which usually are tied to permission related issues or
    socket timeouts.

    If the channel is closed, it will indicate a problem with one of the
    commands that were issued and that should surface in the output as well.

    EXCHANGE = 'message'
    EXCHANGE_TYPE = 'topic'
    QUEUE = 'text'
    ROUTING_KEY = 'example.text'

    def __init__(self, host, port, username, password):
        """Setup the example publisher object, passing in the URL we will
        to connect to RabbitMQ.

        :param str amqp_url: The URL for connecting to RabbitMQ


        self._connection = None
        self._channel = None
        self._closing = False
        self._consumer_tag = None
        #self._url = amqp_url

        self.credentials = pika.PlainCredentials(username=username,
        self.parameters = pika.ConnectionParameters(host=host, port=port,

    def connect(self):
        """This method connects to RabbitMQ, returning the connection
        When the connection is established, the on_connection_open method
        will be invoked by pika.

        :rtype: pika.SelectConnection

        #LOGGER.info('Connecting to %s', self._url)
on_open_callback=self.on_connection_open, stop_ioloop_on_close=False)

    def close_connection(self):
        """This method closes the connection to RabbitMQ."""
        LOGGER.info('Closing connection')

    def add_on_connection_close_callback(self):
        """This method adds an on close callback that will be invoked by
        when RabbitMQ closes the connection to the publisher unexpectedly.

        LOGGER.info('Adding connection close callback')

    def on_connection_closed(self, connection, reply_code, reply_text):
        """This method is invoked by pika when the connection to RabbitMQ is
        closed unexpectedly. Since it is unexpected, we will reconnect to
        RabbitMQ if it disconnects.

        :param pika.connection.Connection connection: The closed connection
        :param int reply_code: The server provided reply_code if given
        :param str reply_text: The server provided reply_text if given

        self._channel = None
        if self._closing:
            LOGGER.warning('Connection closed, reopening in 5 seconds: (%s)
                           reply_code, reply_text)
            self._connection.add_timeout(5, self.reconnect)

    def on_connection_open(self, unused_connection):
        """This method is called by pika once the connection to RabbitMQ has
        been established. It passes the handle to the connection object in
        case we need it, but in this case, we'll just mark it unused.

        :type unused_connection: pika.SelectConnection

        LOGGER.info('Connection opened')

    def reconnect(self):
        """Will be invoked by the IOLoop timer if the connection is
        closed. See the on_connection_closed method.

        # This is the old connection IOLoop instance, stop its ioloop

        if not self._closing:

            # Create a new connection
            self._connection = self.connect()

            # There is now a new connection, needs a new ioloop to run

    def add_on_channel_close_callback(self):
        """This method tells pika to call the on_channel_closed method if
        RabbitMQ unexpectedly closes the channel.

        LOGGER.info('Adding channel close callback')

    def on_channel_closed(self, channel, reply_code, reply_text):
        """Invoked by pika when RabbitMQ unexpectedly closes the channel.
        Channels are usually closed if you attempt to do something that
        violates the protocol, such as re-declare an exchange or queue with
        different parameters. In this case, we'll close the connection
        to shutdown the object.

        :param pika.channel.Channel: The closed channel
        :param int reply_code: The numeric reason the channel was closed
        :param str reply_text: The text reason the channel was closed

        LOGGER.warning('Channel %i was closed: (%s) %s',
                       channel, reply_code, reply_text)

    def on_channel_open(self, channel):
        """This method is invoked by pika when the channel has been opened.
        The channel object is passed in so we can make use of it.

        Since the channel is now open, we'll declare the exchange to use.

        :param pika.channel.Channel channel: The channel object

        LOGGER.info('Channel opened')
        self._channel = channel

    def setup_exchange(self, exchange_name):
        """Setup the exchange on RabbitMQ by invoking the Exchange.Declare
        command. When it is complete, the on_exchange_declareok method will
        be invoked by pika.

        :param str|unicode exchange_name: The name of the exchange to

        LOGGER.info('Declaring exchange %s', exchange_name)

    def on_exchange_declareok(self, unused_frame):
        """Invoked by pika when RabbitMQ has finished the Exchange.Declare

        :param pika.Frame.Method unused_frame: Exchange.DeclareOk response

        LOGGER.info('Exchange declared')

    def setup_queue(self, queue_name):
        """Setup the queue on RabbitMQ by invoking the Queue.Declare RPC
        command. When it is complete, the on_queue_declareok method will
        be invoked by pika.

        :param str|unicode queue_name: The name of the queue to declare.

        LOGGER.info('Declaring queue %s', queue_name)
        self._channel.queue_declare(self.on_queue_declareok, queue_name)

    def on_queue_declareok(self, method_frame):
        """Method invoked by pika when the Queue.Declare RPC call made in
        setup_queue has completed. In this method we will bind the queue
        and exchange together with the routing key by issuing the Queue.Bind
        RPC command. When this command is complete, the on_bindok method
        be invoked by pika.

        :param pika.frame.Method method_frame: The Queue.DeclareOk frame

        LOGGER.info('Binding %s to %s with %s',
                    self.EXCHANGE, self.QUEUE, self.ROUTING_KEY)
        self._channel.queue_bind(self.on_bindok, self.QUEUE,
                                 self.EXCHANGE, self.ROUTING_KEY)

    def add_on_cancel_callback(self):
        """Add a callback that will be invoked if RabbitMQ cancels the
        for some reason. If RabbitMQ does cancel the consumer,
        on_consumer_cancelled will be invoked by pika.

        LOGGER.info('Adding consumer cancellation callback')

    def on_consumer_cancelled(self, method_frame):
        """Invoked by pika when RabbitMQ sends a Basic.Cancel for a consumer
        receiving messages.

        :param pika.frame.Method method_frame: The Basic.Cancel frame

        LOGGER.info('Consumer was cancelled remotely, shutting down: %r',
        if self._channel:

    def acknowledge_message(self, delivery_tag):
        """Acknowledge the message delivery from RabbitMQ by sending a
        Basic.Ack RPC method for the delivery tag.

        :param int delivery_tag: The delivery tag from the Basic.Deliver

        LOGGER.info('Acknowledging message %s', delivery_tag)

    def on_message(self, unused_channel, basic_deliver, properties, body):
        """Invoked by pika when a message is delivered from RabbitMQ. The
        channel is passed for your convenience. The basic_deliver object
        is passed in carries the exchange, routing key, delivery tag and
        a redelivered flag for the message. The properties passed in is an
        instance of BasicProperties with the message properties and the body
        is the message that was sent.

        :param pika.channel.Channel unused_channel: The channel object
        :param pika.Spec.Basic.Deliver: basic_deliver method
        :param pika.Spec.BasicProperties: properties
        :param str|unicode body: The message body

        LOGGER.info('Received message # %s from %s: %s',
                    basic_deliver.delivery_tag, properties.app_id, body)

    def on_cancelok(self, unused_frame):
        """This method is invoked by pika when RabbitMQ acknowledges the
        cancellation of a consumer. At this point we will close the channel.
        This will invoke the on_channel_closed method once the channel has
        closed, which will in-turn close the connection.

        :param pika.frame.Method unused_frame: The Basic.CancelOk frame

        LOGGER.info('RabbitMQ acknowledged the cancellation of the

    def stop_consuming(self):
        """Tell RabbitMQ that you would like to stop consuming by sending
        Basic.Cancel RPC command.

        if self._channel:
            LOGGER.info('Sending a Basic.Cancel RPC command to RabbitMQ')
            self._channel.basic_cancel(self.on_cancelok, self._consumer_tag)

    def start_consuming(self):
        """This method sets up the consumer by first calling
        add_on_cancel_callback so that the object is notified if RabbitMQ
        cancels the consumer. It then issues the Basic.Consume RPC command
        which returns the consumer tag that is used to uniquely identify the
        consumer with RabbitMQ. We keep the value to use it when we want to
        cancel consuming. The on_message method is passed in as a callback
        will invoke when a message is fully received.

        LOGGER.info('Issuing consumer related RPC commands')
        self._consumer_tag = self._channel.basic_consume(self.on_message,

    def on_bindok(self, unused_frame):
        """Invoked by pika when the Queue.Bind method has completed. At this
        point we will start consuming messages by calling start_consuming
        which will invoke the needed RPC commands to start the process.

        :param pika.frame.Method unused_frame: The Queue.BindOk response

        LOGGER.info('Queue bound')

    def close_channel(self):
        """Call to close the channel with RabbitMQ cleanly by issuing the
        Channel.Close RPC command.

        LOGGER.info('Closing the channel')

    def open_channel(self):
        """Open a new channel with RabbitMQ by issuing the Channel.Open RPC
        command. When RabbitMQ responds that the channel is open, the
        on_channel_open callback will be invoked by pika.

        LOGGER.info('Creating a new channel')

    def run(self):
        """Run the example consumer by connecting to RabbitMQ and then
        starting the IOLoop to block and allow the SelectConnection to

        self._connection = self.connect()

    def stop(self):
        """Cleanly shutdown the connection to RabbitMQ by stopping the
        with RabbitMQ. When RabbitMQ confirms the cancellation, on_cancelok
        will be invoked by pika, which will then closing the channel and
        connection. The IOLoop is started again because this method is
        when CTRL-C is pressed raising a KeyboardInterrupt exception. This
        exception stops the IOLoop which needs to be running for pika to
        communicate with RabbitMQ. All of the commands issued prior to
        the IOLoop will be buffered but not processed.

        self._closing = True

def main():
    logging.basicConfig(level=logging.INFO, format=LOG_FORMAT)
    example = ExampleConsumer('mqserver10', 5672, 'guest', 'guest')
    except KeyboardInterrupt:

if __name__ == '__main__':

On Thu, Aug 15, 2013 at 3:25 PM, Ask Solem <ask at rabbitmq.com> wrote:

> On Aug 15, 2013, at 1:20 PM, Priyanki Vashi <vashi.priyanki at gmail.com>
> wrote:
> > Hi There ,
> >
> > This might be very basic error but since I am trying to use Tornado
> connection for the first time, help on this would be appreciated.
> >
> > I was trying to use Tornado consumer example given on following pika
> site.
> >
> > https://pika.readthedocs.org/en/0.9.13/examples/tornado_consumer.html
> >
> > I am running into following error. The example is with URL connection
> method.
> > But I also tried to use hostname and port method as well as tried
> changing to IP address instead of hostname but still it's the same error.
> >
> > I have pika 0.9.13 library installed. My consumer & Producer works fine
> with select.connection method so I believe library is correctly installed.
> >
> > Do I need to do something additional to get tornado connection working
> for both producer and consumer with pika?
> >
> > Please suggest.
> >
> > mq1 at mqserver1:~/Producer_Receiver/Latest$ python tornedo_c_1.py
> > Traceback (most recent call last):
> >   File "tornedo_c_1.py", line 357, in <module>
> >     main()
> >   File "tornedo_c_1.py", line 351, in main
> >     example.run()
> >   File "tornedo_c_1.py", line 326, in run
> >     self._connection = self.connect()
> >   File "tornedo_c_1.py", line 59, in connect
> >     adapters.TornadoConnection(self.parameters, self.on_connection_open,
> stop_ioloop_on_close=False)
> > TypeError: 'NoneType' object is not callable
> Maybe you passed None as a callback somewhere?  What is the value of
> on_connection_open for example?
> _______________________________________________
> rabbitmq-discuss mailing list
> rabbitmq-discuss at lists.rabbitmq.com
> https://lists.rabbitmq.com/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/rabbitmq-discuss
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